Did you know the average lifespan for an elephant is nearly 70 years? They can even live longer than that! There are many things that can endanger an elephant's life span. From diseases to humans poaching for ivory, learn how to save elephants.
One scary statistic is that in the first year of an elephant's life the death rate is over 30 percent. So, let’s do our part and save the elephants!
Dangers to elephants
Carnivores are known to attack young, sick or injured elephants. Lions, hyenas and crocodiles are a few examples of the type of animals that will attack them. Although that sounds threatening, humans are known to create more harm for elephants.
Humans are known to poach elephants and contribute to their habitat loss. An elephant needs a lot of space to roam, and we are talking a few thousand square kilometers. Only African elephants are at risk when it comes to poaching because Asian elephants have smaller tusks.
Why is ivory in high demand? They are used to make the balls for pool, piano keys, buttons and more! Nearly 70,000 African elephants are killed per year for ivory trade, despite it being illegal. The average weight of a tusk in 1982 was 21 pounds, in 1988 the weight decreased to 13 pounds and in 2004 the average weight was 8 pounds.
As a result of poaching, young elephants have to live without a maternal lead in their life. Because of this they are more likely to get injured, attacked or contract a disease.
The most dangerous disease for elephants is Anthrax. It is a bacteria that causes an elephant to have a high fever, ulcers, swellings or shivering. You can get this disease from polluted water or soil.
There are also diseases that are specific to elephants, trunk paralysis and elephant pox. They can even get common diseases such as a cold or pneumonia. In addition to this, they can get a disease from mosquitoes, get tuberculosis, rashes and even constipation.
Another disease that elephants can get is Herpesvirus. Researchers have found out that there are 14 diseases which cause a hemorrhagic disease. This is a problem that happens within the first couple days of their life, causing a bleeding problem. Asian elephants are most susceptible to this disease.
Despite them having to face horrible diseases, elephants will be there for one another. There have been studies that show that elephants comfort one another in times of need and look after each other when one is feeling ill. Elephants are very smart and compassionate animals. They can tell the difference between different human languages. It has also been proven that they can tell what ethnicity a person is based on the sound of their voice.
If you are wondering how to save elephants we accept donations! You can even purchase our merchandise and that money will go to saving the elephants! For Elephants works to help elephants using research, conservation and education! Stop wondering how to save elephants and just jump in and join our journey today!