As of 2021, there are 41,415 species of animals and plants on the IUCN Red List, and 16,306 of these species are endangered species threatened with extinction. Most of these species are at risk of death due to human actions like farming, deforestation and poaching.
We need to take action to save these animals. Otherwise, they might be lost forever. One of the things we can do all year round to help wildlife is educate ourselves about the most endangered species in the world. That is why our African forest elephant research team created this list of the species that need your help in 2022.
Most endangered species in the world
North Atlantic right whale
The North Atlantic right whale is 45 to 55 feet long and can weigh up to 70 tons. The whale is currently endangered, with fewer than 350 whales remaining. It lives along the Atlantic ocean, but scientists believe that this whale has only survived along the east coast of the United States and Canada.
The main threats of the North Atlantic right whale are fishing and ship collisions. On top of a declining population, they reproduce slowly. These animals have calves every six to ten years. You can donate to save the North Atlantic right whales here.
The Amur leopard is one of the world’s most rare leopards. This species of leopard lives in the Russian and Chinese forests. It is critically endangered, and more than 84 individuals remain.
The threats of Amur leopards are poaching, habitat loss, fragmentation and deforestation. However, their main threat is poaching. These animals, for many years, were killed for their beautiful, spotted fur. These animals survive 10 to 15 years in the wild but up to 20 years in captivity. Donate here to save the Amur leopard.
A vaquita is a cetacean, also known as an aquatic mammal. These animals were actually not discovered until 1958. They are five feet long and weigh around 120 pounds. Vaquitas only live in the northern Gulf of California.
There are only about 10 vaquitas left in the entire world. Their main threat is fishing. These animals get entangled in fishing nets and end up drowning. Check out these ways you can save vaquitas.
One of the rarest rhinos is Javan rhinos. They live only in Indonesia's Ujung Kulon National Park. Javan rhinos once roamed northeast India and Southeast Asia. Only 75 Javan rhinos remain in the entire world.
Their dusky grey skin and single 10-inch horn make them unique. The Javan rhino is critically endangered. These rhinos are on the brink of extinction due to poaching, lack of genetic diversity, natural disasters, habitat degradation and diseases. You can donate to save Javan rhinos here.
African forest elephants
People tend to believe that African forest elephants and African savannah elephants are the same, but they are not. Scientists classify them as different species due to genetics. As their name indicates, African forest elephants live in the rainforests of Africa and are slightly smaller than the African savanna elephants.
They are currently critically endangered. A report from African forest elephant research teams has found the population of African forest elephants has dropped by 62 percent in less than a decade. Their threats include habitat loss, fragmentation, human-elephant conflicts and poaching. Creating strategies for saving these animals has been difficult because they rarely make themselves seen.
Donate to our African forest elephant research!
You can help save African forest elephants by joining our Herd of Heroes program. Every donation helps fund our research that is helping improve the lives of elephants across the world in the wild and zoos.